Nero was dead. The throne was vacant. The rebellious governor of Spain, Servius Sulpicius Galba, began preparing to take it as soon as he heard the news. By October, 68 AD he had reached Rome with an army at his back. By that time, the nervous and defenseless Senate had already ratified Galba’s appointment to the imperial office.
Gaius Octavius Thurinus was no one special. At least, that was how it would’ve seemed to anyone who knew him as a boy. As the clever but chronically-ill son of a minor Roman nobleman, no one could have known that little Gaius would grow up to change the course of Roman history. No one could have known that Continue reading VII. Augustus and the End of the Republic: Part 1→
By the end of the second century BC, stability in Roman society and politics was starting to unravel. Though the Roman Republic itself was stronger, larger and wealthier than ever before, the Roman people had never been more divided.
Upper-class Romans were becoming increasingly rich and powerful, profiting from successful wars of foreign conquest and prestigious careers in politics, but most citizens Continue reading VI. Julius Caesar→
Tiberius Gracchus was no typical Roman noble. Born around 169 BC, he was the son of a plebeian father and an aristocratic mother. On his mother’s side Tiberius was also a grandson of the famous Roman general Scipio Africanus, and his early career involved Continue reading V. The Gracchi→
With the end of the Second Punic War, the victorious Roman Republic was now a serious contender for dominance across the Mediterranean. Now that Carthage had been defeated, Rome was free to expand its interests further afield. With the western Mediterranean firmly in Roman hands, the logical course of action was for Rome to now turn its attention to the Greek-speaking east.